As collision repair diagnostics and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) continue to take center stage in the collision repair industry, there has been a lot of conversation around OEM position statements, pre-scanning and post-scanning. We are also, finally, starting to hear conversations around post-repair calibration and aiming. One topic we’re not hearing nearly as much about is how to determine if a vehicle is equipped with ADAS and the damage analysis process for identifying if there is damage to one, or more, of these systems.
Terms to Know
Each OEM has different names for the various ADAS on today’s vehicles. To address this, I-CAR published a Vehicle System Definitions page on its Repairability Technical Support (RTS) website (ABRN.com/VSD). On this page, I-CAR identified each system by an industry-accepted name and broke down the basic operation of each system. Understanding these terms is critical to understanding how a particular system is supposed to be functioning, which will help with the entire repair process.
Driver convenience systems also go by many names: auto up and down windows, automatic liftgates, automatic climate controls, navigation and automatic sunroof to name a few. These systems also require an awareness of how the system is supposed to function to ensure that it is in the proper working order after repairs.
Damage analysis process
Once you have an understanding of the ADAS terms, the next step is the actual damage analysis process and understanding which systems are on the vehicle being analyzed. Your first stop should be the OEM Calibration Requirements Search tool. This search tool will allow you to identify which system(s) a particular make/model might be equipped with. More information on this tool will be covered later in this article.
To create the best practice around identifying and analyzing potential damage to ADAS, I-CAR and subject matter experts from vehicle makers, collision repairers, insurers and tool and equipment makers have been meeting to develop, update and publish a best practice on Damage Analysis for ADAS Identification and Calibration Requirements.
|Figure 1 — These enable/disable switches are indicators that this vehicle is equipped with lane keep assist and adaptive parking systems.|
Once you’ve identified which options the vehicle might be equipped with, you’ll need to determine which, if any, of those systems the vehicle you’re analyzing has. There are several ways to approach this step, including looking for visual indicators that can be used to identify ADAS-equipped vehicles. Look inside the vehicle for enable/disable switches for many of these systems (Figure 1). With some time and experience, you’ll soon be able to quickly identify if a vehicle is equipped with lane keep assist, adaptive cruise control or other ADAS.